Crocothemis sanguinolenta


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Crocothemis sanguinolenta
Species Authority: (Burmeister, 1839)
Common Name(s):
English Little Scarlet, Slim Scarlet-darter, Small Scarlet
Crocothemis sanguinolenta arabcia Schneider, 1982
Taxonomic Notes: Crocothemis sanguinolenta was first recorded from the Dead Sea by Morton (1924), based on three males in Ris' collection. Based on these specimens and new records, Schneider (1982) described the subspecies arabica. With more material at hand Dijkstra and Dingemanse (2000) found out that characters used to separate Levantine populations fall within the variation of the nominal (African) form and concluded that arabica is not a valid subspecies.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2012-04-29
Assessor(s): Boudot, J.-P., Clausnitzer, V., Schneider, W., Suhling, F., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Samraoui, B.
Reviewer(s): García, N., Tognelli, M. & Suhling, F.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Alomari, K.
This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
2006 Least Concern

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Crocothemis sanguinolenta is widespread all over Africa south of the Sahel, where it is present and often common in nearly all countries, including Madagascar. It shows a relict area in the Levant (13 localities known along the Jordan rift) and is scattered in the south of the Arabian Peninsula. A former Libyan record (1935) has proved to refer to Crocothemis erythraea and not C. sanguinolenta upon control of the collected specimen (Stephan Ober in litt.).
Angola (Angola, Angola); Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Israel; Jordan; Kenya; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia (Caprivi Strip, Namibia (main part)); Oman; Rwanda; Saudi Arabia; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, North-West Province, Western Cape); Sudan; Swaziland; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; United Arab Emirates; Yemen; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Its global population size is unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: At the global scale, the species is known from various habitats in bush, woodland and forest.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats known to the species at the global level, but drainage and destruction of swampy habitats due to agriculture and water pollution are potential impacts at the local level.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures are known but information on population ecology, habitat status and population trends, and habitat/site based conservation would be valuable.

Citation: Boudot, J.-P., Clausnitzer, V., Schneider, W., Suhling, F., Dijkstra, K.-D.B. & Samraoui, B. 2013. Crocothemis sanguinolenta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 01 September 2015.
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