Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Arthropoda Insecta Odonata Aeshnidae

Scientific Name: Anax tristis
Species Authority: Hagen, 1867
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Black Emperor, Magnificent Emperor
French Anax Noir
Anax goliath Selys, 1872
Taxonomic Source(s): Schorr, M. and Paulson, D. 2013. World Odonata List. Tacoma, Washington, USA Available at: (Accessed: 20 November 2013).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2009-05-03
Assessor(s): Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B.
Reviewer(s): Dijkstra, K.-D.B., Samraoui, B., Samways, M.J., Schneider, W., Boudot, J.-P., Kipping, J., Allen, D. & García, N.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Alomari, K.
This is a widespread species, with no known major widespread threats, which is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2010 Least Concern (LC)
2006 Least Concern (LC)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: The species is widespread from South Africa to Madagascar and the south of the Sahel, reaching north a line going from Senegal to Chad and Kenya. It was found once in the Arabian Peninsula in Oman and the Maldives islands, as either vagrant or migrant individuals.
Countries occurrence:
Angola (Angola); Benin; Botswana; Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea (Equatorial Guinea (mainland)); Ethiopia; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Kenya; Liberia; Madagascar; Malawi; Mauritius (Mauritius (main island)); Mayotte; Mozambique; Namibia (Caprivi Strip, Namibia (main part)); Réunion; Senegal; Seychelles (Aldabra); South Africa (Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo Province, Mpumalanga, Western Cape); South Sudan; Tanzania, United Republic of; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe
Maldives; Oman
Present - origin uncertain:
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Population size is unknown.
Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: Anax tristis reproduces in pools and swamps.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater
Movement patterns: Nomadic

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is not utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Drainage and destruction of swampy habitats through agriculture and wood plantations are, together with water pollution, major threats to the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation measures are known but information on population ecology, habitat status and population trends would be valuable.

Citation: Clausnitzer, V., Suhling, F. & Dijkstra, K.-D.B. 2013. Anax tristis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T59814A42537672. . Downloaded on 08 October 2015.
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