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Schistometopum gregorii

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA GYMNOPHIONA DERMOPHIIDAE

Scientific Name: Schistometopum gregorii
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1895)
Common Name(s):
English Witu Caecilian, Mud-dwelling Caecilian, Flood-plain-dwelling Caecilian
Synonym(s):
Dermophis gregorii Boulenger, 1895
Taxonomic Notes: The Kenyan and Tanzanian populations might be distinct species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Simon Loader, Kim Howell, David Gower, John Measey, Mark Wilkinson
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern because, although it is seldom recorded, it has a relatively wide distribution, is probably not dependent on threatened habitats, has a presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from coastal Kenya and Tanzania. In Kenya it is known only from the Tana River area. In Tanzania it is known from Bagamoyo, south of the Rufiji River. It is not known whether or not it occurs between the Tana River and Bagamoyo, but attempts to locate it in this area have not been successful.
Countries:
Native:
Kenya; Tanzania, United Republic of
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is little information, but it was found to be very common in Bagamoyo in 2002. It has not been collected in Kenya since 1934. It has been reported as abundant in agricultural cropland.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It has been recorded from open areas and deciduous and strongly seasonal scrub and woodland. It was found in black mud in an open area near the Ruvu River at Bagamoyo, and is perhaps dependent on estuarine muddy areas, but it is clearly not a forest-dependent species. It is probably a viviparous species, not dependent on water for breeding. It has also been reported as abundant in agricultural habitats with suitable crops that provide shade and maintain the top soil.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Large-scale mechanical rice farming is a possible future threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known from any protected areas.

Citation: Simon Loader, Kim Howell, David Gower, John Measey, Mark Wilkinson 2004. Schistometopum gregorii. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 October 2014.
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