Oedipina paucidentata


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Oedipina paucidentata
Species Authority: Brame, 1968
Common Name(s):
English El Empalme Worm Salamander

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Wake, D. & Savage, J.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S., Cox, N.A. & Young, B.E.
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in the northern Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from the type locality, near El Empalme (along the Pan-American Highway, south of Cartago) at the northern end of the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica, at about 2,286m asl (Savage 2002).
Possibly extinct:
Costa Rica
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: There is no information on current population status; no individuals have been collected since 1952 (Savage 2002; Federico Bolaños pers. comm. 2007), and it is possible that it is now extinct.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits lower montane rainforest, and possibly lives below the ground. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent upon water.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is likely to be loss of habitat due to increased urbanization, and expanding smallholder farming and cattle ranching activities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known from any protected area, and habitat protection is urgently needed. Further survey work is also needed to determine the current population status of this species and whether or not it survives in the wild.

Citation: Bolaños, F., Chaves, G., Wake, D. & Savage, J. 2008. Oedipina paucidentata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 29 August 2015.
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