Eurycea lucifuga


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Eurycea lucifuga
Species Authority: Rafinesque, 1822
Common Name(s):
English Cave Salamander

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Geoffrey Hammerson
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species can be found in the Eastern Oklahoma to northern Virginia, north to central Indiana, south to central Alabama, USA (Conant and Collins 1991).
United States
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: Total adult population size is unknown.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It can be found in caves (usually limestone); also rocky streams and springs, and wooded areas and fields, usually near caves or limestone outcrops. It hides under objects during day in non-cave areas, except in wet weather when it may be found in the open. Eggs are laid in cave streams or pools, springs, or in rocky streams outside caves. Larvae remain in cave pools until winter or early spring when pools begin to overflow; larvae washed into larger streams, where they remain until metamorphosis.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The threats to this species are unknown.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Better information is needed on abundance and trends.

Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson 2004. Eurycea lucifuga. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 23 October 2014.
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