Chiropterotriton arboreus 


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Plethodontidae

Scientific Name: Chiropterotriton arboreus
Species Authority: (Taylor, 1941)
Common Name(s):
English Arboreal Splayfoot Salamander, Arboreal Flat-footed Salamander
Spanish Salamandra pie-plano arbórea
Bolitoglossa arborea Taylor, 1941
Chiropterotriton arborea Taylor, 1944
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(i,ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Ted Papenfuss, James Hanken
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because the species is known from a small forest patch that is becoming smaller. Several recent attempts have been made to locate the species without success. This species is possibly extinct.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Data Deficient (DD)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from a small patch of forest around Tianguistengo in north-eastern Hidalgo, Mexico, from 1,900-2,100m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Possibly extinct:
Number of Locations: 1
Lower elevation limit (metres): 1900
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2100
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species has not been found since the early 1980s, despite recent attempts to locate it.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: Yes

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits humid pine-oak or cloud forests, where it lives in bromeliads and reproduces by direct development.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Since this species is dependent upon bromeliads in trees, the major threat to it is deforestation and fragmentation, which is taking place in its only known locality due to expanding agricultural development and extraction of wood.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species occurs on private land. It is not found in any protected areas, and protection of the forests in the Husteca region is urgently required. This species is protected by Mexican law under the "Special Protection" category (Pr).

Citation: Gabriela Parra-Olea, David Wake, Ted Papenfuss, James Hanken. 2008. Chiropterotriton arboreus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T59221A11900717. . Downloaded on 30 May 2016.
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