Amphiuma means 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Caudata Amphiumidae

Scientific Name: Amphiuma means Garden, 1821
Common Name(s):
English Two-toed Amphiuma
Axolotus lacertinus (Jarocki, 1822)
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Geoffrey Hammerson
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species can be found in the Coastal Plain of southeastern North America from southeastern Virginia to Florida and eastern Louisiana.
Countries occurrence:
United States
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Total adult population size is unknown but surely exceeds 10,000 and might exceed 100,000.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species can be found in swamps, bayous, margins of muddy sloughs, cypress heads, drainage ditches, sluggish streams, wet meadows, muddy lakes; soft substrate for burrowing or thick aquatic vegetation important for shelter. Often uses crayfish burrows. It may leave water, especially on rainy nights; sometimes found under objects at water's edge. Eggs are laid under objects in damp place near water's edge or possibly in shallow water, or underground.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Widespread loss of wetlands undoubtedly has eliminated many local populations, but the species remains common in many other areas (Petranka 1998).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Protection of coastal plain wetlands is the major conservation need.

Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson. 2004. Amphiuma means. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T59074A11879454. . Downloaded on 16 October 2018.
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