Pseudophilautus simba


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Pseudophilautus simba
Species Authority: (Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005)
Philautus simba Manamendra-Arachchi & Pethiyagoda, 2005

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Rohan Pethiyagoda
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 100 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 10 km2, all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in southwestern Sri Lanka.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is endemic to the Sinharaja area of south-western Sri Lanka, where it appears to be restricted to the Morningside Forest Reserve, near Rakwana, on the eastern side of the Sinharaja World Heritage Site, at an elevation of 1,060m asl (Manamendra-Arachchi and Pethiyagoda 2005).
Sri Lanka
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a very rare species.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is essentially a ground-dwelling, leaf-litter species, found in closed-canopy montane forest, and forest fragments within cardamom plantations. It breeds by direct development and is not dependent on water.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat to this species is habitat loss and degradation due to the encroachment of cardamom plantations, removal of wood for subsistence use, and illegal gem mining. It is probably also adversely affected by agro-chemical pollution.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species is found in the Morningside Forest Reserve; however, while Morningside itself belongs to the Forest Department, it has not yet been assured a permanent conservation status.

Citation: Kelum Manamendra-Arachchi, Rohan Pethiyagoda 2004. Pseudophilautus simba. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 23 October 2014.
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