Odorrana bacboensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Ranidae

Scientific Name: Odorrana bacboensis (Bain, Lathrop, Murphy, Orlov & Cuc, 2003)
Common Name(s):
English Tonkin Frog
Rana bacboensis Bain, Lathrop, Murphy, Orlov & Cuc, 2003
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2015-06-19
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Luedtke, J.
Contributor(s): Rowley, J.L.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Leung, H., Rowley, J.L., Cutajar, T.
Although the species occurs in northern Viet Nam and southern China, and its range is fragmented, its distribution is not considered Severely Fragmented in accordance with the Guidelines for Using the IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria (version 11) and its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 106,213 km2. Therefore, the species is currently considered as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:

This species occurs in Viet Nam in the provinces of Lao Cai, Tuyen Quang, Bac Kan and Nghe An (Bain et al. 2003, Nguyen et al. 2005, Nguyen et al. 2009, J. Rowley pers. comm. 2015). The type locality is Khe Moi River, west of Con Cuong village, Con Cuong, Nghe An, Viet Nam (Bain et al. 2003). Recently, the species has also been found in China, in Napo County in Guangxi and Hekou County in Yunnan (Chen et al. 2013, Wang et al. 2015). The species is found over a large elevation range between 230–1,123 m Asl (J. Rowley pers. comm. 2015).

Countries occurrence:
China; Viet Nam
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):230
Upper elevation limit (metres):1123
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]


No information is currently known on the size and trends of this species' population. However, population decline is expected due to the ongoing habitat loss and changes to catchment hydrology in northern Viet Nam (Swan and O'Reilly 2004, Ziegler et al. 2004). The species has been encountered in a number of surveys in the last decade (Wang et al. 2015, J. Rowley pers. comm. 2015); however, further surveys are needed to elucidate population size and trends.

Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:The species occurs in forested river systems that vary from shallow and slow moving to torrential and deep (Bain et al. 2003, J. Rowley pers. comm. 2015). Individuals may be found on boulders and logs, both in and around the water and in the adjacent forest (Bain et al. 2003, J. Rowley pers. comm. 2015). The species reportedly feeds on large invertebrates, including small freshwater crabs (Bain et al. 2003). Little is known about the reproductive biology of the species, though females appear to lay black eggs (2 mm in diameter) during an autumnal breeding season (Bain et al. 2003). Ongoing habitat loss and fragmentation have been reported for the species' range in northern Viet Nam (Ziegler et al. 2004).
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:Yes
Movement patterns:Not a Migrant

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Odorrana bacboensis is harvested for food by some ethnic groups in Viet Nam; however, given the toxicity of their skin it may not be a preferred source of food if alternatives are available (Bain et al. 2003).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s):

The species is generally not a preferred food source and reports of harvesting practices do not indicate likelihood of over-harvesting for the foreseeable future (Bain et al. 2003). Therefore, human harvesting is unlikely to constitute a major threat. However, due to human population growth and increasing demand for agricultural and timber products, the loss of forest habitat is ongoing and expected to increase throughout northern Viet Nam (Swan and O’Reilley 2004, Ziegler et al. 2004). In particular, forest landscapes are increasingly fragmented and degraded, while the hydrology of rivers and streams are increasingly altered by human activity (Ziegler et al. 2004). Thus, habitat loss constitutes an ongoing threat to this riparian and forest-dependent species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation Actions
The species occurs in a number of protected areas in Viet Nam, including Ba Be Lake National Park, Na Hang Nature Reserve, Pu Mat Nature Reserve and Pu Hoat Proposed Nature Reserve (Bain et al. 2003, J. Rowley pers. comm. 2015). Its inferred range also extends into parts of Vu Quang Nature Reserve in Viet Nam and Yunnan Da Wei Shan Nature Reserve in China. Nonetheless, parts of the species’ current predicted range also lie outside of protected areas and are at threat from deforestation.

Research Needed

Further biological and ecological research on the species is needed for a better understanding of its habitat requirements, distribution and abundance, and would assist future conservation actions.

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Odorrana bacboensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T58554A63900158. . Downloaded on 22 September 2017.
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