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Synapturanus rabus

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA MICROHYLIDAE

Scientific Name: Synapturanus rabus
Species Authority: Pyburn, 1976

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Jose Vicente Rueda, Wilmar Bolívar, Ruth Amanda Estupinan, Ana Almendáriz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its relatively wide distribution, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from southeastern Vaupés and Putumayo departments, Colombia, and adjacent Ecuador (Napo Moist Forests of the Eastern Tropical Altitudinal Zone). It has been recorded between 200-600m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Colombia; Ecuador
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a very difficult species to find so it appears to be uncommon, but it is secretive, and so it might be more common than it appears.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a fossorial species that inhabits tropical moist forests. It lives on and under the forest floor, and in muddy areas next to water springs. Clutches of two embryos are laid 10cm underground and the young breed by direct development without a larval stage. It has not been recorded from anthropogenic habitats.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss caused by deforestation, agricultural development, and illegal crops are localized threats but there are no known major threats to the species overall at present.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The range in Colombia overlaps with La Paya National Park. In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with Parque Nacional Yasuní and Reserva de Producción Faunística Cuyabeno and Limoncocha Biological Reserve. More research into the species' Extent of Occurrence and population status is needed.

Citation: Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Jose Vicente Rueda, Wilmar Bolívar, Ruth Amanda Estupinan, Ana Almendáriz 2004. Synapturanus rabus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 16 September 2014.
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