Scaphiophryne marmorata


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Scaphiophryne marmorata
Species Authority: Boulenger, 1882
Common Name(s):
English Marbled Rain Frog
Taxonomic Notes: Scaphiophryne spinosa has been separated from S. marmorata by Vences at al. (2003) and western populations have recently been separated as S. menabensis (Glos, Glaw and Vences 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor(s): Vences, M. & Glaw, F.
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N., Chanson, J.S. & Cox, N.A.
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in eastern Madagascar.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in east-central Madagascar from Zahamena south to the Andasibe area. It has been recorded at 100-1,000m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is locally abundant.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is a species of rainforest and degraded secondary vegetation in the east, and deciduous dry forest in the west. It does not survive in very open areas. Breeding takes place by larval development in shallow, temporary pools.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: While it is not a popular species for public exhibit owing to its fossorial habit, this species remains highly sought after by a number of private terrarium keepers and herpetological amateurs (Mattioli et al. 2006).

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Its forest habitat is receding due to subsistence agriculture (including livestock grazing), timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, the spread of invasive eucalyptus, fire, and expanding human settlements. The bright colouration of this species might make it more attractive for commercial collecting in the future. There are currently small numbers in the pet trade, but probably not at a level to have a negative impact on the species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Réserve Spéciale d’Analamazaotra, Parc National de Mantadia and Parc National de Zahamena. Mattioli et al. (2006) undertook a study into the economics of captive breeding this species, concluding that it is well suited to intensive commercial captive breeding programmes, and indeed that market demand could potentially be fully met with captive-bred animals.

Citation: Vences, M. & Glaw, F. 2008. Scaphiophryne marmorata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 20 August 2014.
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