|Scientific Name:||Cophyla milloti (Guibé, 1950)|
Platypelis milloti Guibé, 1950
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Raxworthy, C.J., Glaw, F. & Scherz, D.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hobin, L. & Best, S.|
Listed as Endangered because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 4,831 km2, it occurs in fewer than five threat-defined locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in northwestern Madagascar.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is apparently restricted to a small area in extreme north-western Madagascar, from Tsaratanana to Manongarivo, including the island of Nosy Be. It has been recorded from sea level up to 600 m asl. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is 4,831 km2.|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It can be a locally abundant species. However due to ongoing declines in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is only found in pristine rainforest. Breeding is by larval development in the axils of plants, such as screw pines (Pandanus sp.).|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
The major threat is habitat loss due to subsistence agriculture, timber extraction, charcoal manufacture, spread of invasive eucalyptus, livestock grazing, fires and expanding human settlements. It occurs in a region where the rainforest is fragmented, and continuing loss of habitat can be expected. Its bright coloration might make it attractive for future commercial collecting. It might also be affected by the collection of screw pines, the leaves of which are used for the roofs of huts.
Species in this genus have tested positive for Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), however currently there have been no negative effects observed within amphibian populations in Madagascar suggesting the Bd strain has a low virulence level (Bletz et al. 2015).
It occurs in Lokobe Special Reserve, Manongarivo Special Reserve and Tsaratanana Special Reserve.
To protect and manage its habitat, and to address threats from future trade for its bright colors and for harvesting of the pines it lives on for roofing.
Research is needed on population and trends, ecology and threats from trade and harvesting of habitat. Further research is also essential to fully understand the distribution, origin, type and virulence of Bd lineages found in Madagascar (Bletz et al. 2015).
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2016. Cophyla milloti. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T57959A84179671.Downloaded on 24 March 2018.|
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