Oreophryne monticola 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Microhylidae

Scientific Name: Oreophryne monticola (Boulenger, 1897)
Common Name(s):
English Lombok Cross Frog
Sphenophryne monticola Boulenger, 1897
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2017. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Djoko Iskandar, Mumpuni
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat on Bali and Lombok.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from the islands of Bali and Lombok in Indonesia, from above 1,000m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Indonesia (Bali, Lesser Sunda Is.)
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:There is no recent information on this species, and it has not been recorded since the 1930s.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is known only from highland forest. It presumably lays eggs on the ground and breeds by direct development without a larval stage.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species is being severely impacted by very large-scale international tourism.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The mountain forests on Bali are protected, but for recreational purposes, not for biodiversity conservation. On Lombok the species presumably occurs in Gunung Rinjani Nature Reserve. There is clearly an urgent need for survey work to establish the current population status of this species on the two islands, and its presence within existing reserves.

Citation: Djoko Iskandar, Mumpuni. 2004. Oreophryne monticola. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57925A11703164. . Downloaded on 21 June 2018.
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