Gastrophryne carolinensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Gastrophryne carolinensis
Species Authority: (Holbrook, 1836)
Common Name(s):
English Eastern Narrowmouth Toad

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Geoffrey Hammerson, Blair Hedges
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is native to the USA from southern Maryland to southeastern Kansas, south to Florida Keys and eastern Texas. It has scattered disjunctive populations along the northern and western margins of its range (Conant and Collins 1991). It is introduced on the Little and Great Bahama banks, and on Grand Cayman Island, Cayman Islands, where it is very abundant (Schwartz and Henderson 1988, Schwartz and Henderson 1991).
United States
Bahamas; Cayman Islands
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is represented by many and/or large populations throughout most of the range (Nelson 1972). In Florida and eastern Texas, common to abundant even in many suburban situations (Bartlett and Bartlett 1999). The introduced population on Grand Cayman is very abundant.
Population Trend: Stable

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occupies a wide variety of shaded moist habitats. It burrows into soil or hides in or under surface cover or debris when inactive. Males call from sheltered locations, often from beneath objects at water's edge or partially buried in grass (Schwartz and Henderson 1991). Eggs and larvae develop in lakes, ponds, sloughs, flooded roadside ditches, swamps, stream margins, rain puddles, etc. Uses both temporary and permanent waters. Can persist in human modified habitats such as residential areas.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): It is not threatened.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: No conservation methods are needed.

Citation: Geoffrey Hammerson, Blair Hedges 2004. Gastrophryne carolinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <>. Downloaded on 31 October 2014.
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