Spinomantis elegans


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Spinomantis elegans
Species Authority: (Guibé, 1974)
Mantidactylus elegans (Guibé, 1974)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2008-01-01
Assessor/s: John Cadle, Christopher Raxworthy
Reviewer/s: Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson and Neil Cox)
Listed as Vulnerable, because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2 and its Area of Occupancy is less than 2,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in south-eastern Madagascar from Ranomafana, south to Andohahela. Records from northern Madagascar require further investigation. It has been recorded at 1,350-2,500m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a rare species. No adult males have ever been collected.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is always associated with rocky outcrops, both in forested zones, and above the tree line. It breeds in streams. The very large tadpoles spend at least a year in the stream before metamorphosis.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Being in remote rocky areas, it is probably not as seriously threatened as several other species. However, it is probably impacted by fires, livestock (affecting water quality), and water pollution.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in Parc National de Ranomafana, Parc National d'Andringitra, Parc National d'Andohahela, and probably Parc National de Midongy du Sud.
Citation: John Cadle, Christopher Raxworthy 2004. Spinomantis elegans. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.
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