Eupsophus contulmoensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Alsodidae

Scientific Name: Eupsophus contulmoensis Ortiz, Ibarra-Vidal & Formas, 1989
Common Name(s):
English Contulmo Ground Frog
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-11-20
Assessor(s): Alberto Veloso, Herman Núñez, Juan Carlos Ortiz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, all individuals are in fewer than five locations, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in and around the Contulmo Natural Monument, Chile.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from the vicinity of the type locality, Contulmo National Monument, Bío-Bío Province, south-central Chile, at an elevation of 50-350m asl. Considering the available habitat in the region, the range is probably not much larger than is currently recognized.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):50
Upper elevation limit (metres):350
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is generally uncommon. A small series was collected most recently in 2002.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It can be found under logs and rocks in temperate Nothofagus forest, and does not tolerate extensive habitat disturbance. It lays eggs in small, terrestrial water-filled holes on hillsides, where the larvae develop.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is habitat loss as a result of conversion to large-scale pine and eucalyptus plantations. There is also disturbance of the habitat from tourist activities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Contulmo National Monument. There is a need for improved protection of native temperate forest habitat in this region of Chile.

Citation: Alberto Veloso, Herman Núñez, Juan Carlos Ortiz. 2010. Eupsophus contulmoensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T57076A11564774. . Downloaded on 24 May 2018.
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