Pristimantis verecundus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Craugastoridae

Scientific Name: Pristimantis verecundus (Lynch and Burrowes, 1990)
Common Name(s):
English Zacualtipan Robber Frog
Eleutherodactylus verecundus Lynch and Burrowes, 1990
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2017. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch, Mario Yánez-Muñoz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in the Ecuadorian and Colombian Andes

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from five localities on the western flank of the Andes in extreme southern Colombia (1,700-2,020m asl) and provinces of Carchi, Cotopaxi, and Pichincha, Ecuador (900-1,800m asl). In Colombia, it occurs on the western slope from the Cordillera Occidental, in the department of Nariño. It might occur a little more widely than current records suggest.
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Ecuador
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It was found to be rare in 2002-2003 at the La Favorita Experimental Station in Pichincha, but was common at La Planada in Colombia in 1998.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species can be found in cloud forest in the humid subtropical and temperate regime (Lynch and Duellman 1997). It occurs on vegetation up to 1.5m above ground, inside the forest as well as next to waterfalls. It breeds by direct development and eggs are deposited on the tops of leaves; the clutch is guarded by an adult. The ability of this species to adapt to modified habitats is unknown.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat loss caused by logging and agricultural development (livestock and illegal crops) is a threat. Some other species of Eleutherodactylus that are associated with streams have undergone dramatic declines and disappearances, possibly due to chytridiomycosis, so the status of this species should be monitored carefully.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Most of the Colombian populations are inside La Planada Natural Reserve. In Ecuador, its range overlaps with Reserva Ecológica Cotacachi-Cayapas, and Reserva Ecológica Los Illinizas.

Citation: Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch, Mario Yánez-Muñoz. 2004. Pristimantis verecundus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57036A11572366. . Downloaded on 24 May 2018.
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