Eleutherodactylus turquinensis


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus turquinensis
Species Authority: Barbour and Shreve, 1937

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat on the Sierra Maestra in southeastern Cuba is declining.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is restricted to the Sierra Maestra, Cuba, within an altitudinal range of 455-1,400m asl.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is common in suitable habitats, although the availability of this habitat is limited.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is aquatic and restricted to high-altitude montane streams in closed cloud forest. It is the most aquatic of all Cuban Eleutherodactylus. It breeds by direct development with eggs that are laid on land.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is habitat destruction that is taking place due to agricultural expansion, wood-cutting, disturbance from tourists, and infrastructure development for human settlement; as a high-altitude, cloud forest, stream-dwelling species, it also might be susceptible to chytridiomycosis.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Parque Nacional Turquino and Parque Nacional La Bayamesa, but there is no management of these areas for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. As such, improved management of these, and maintenance of the remaining habitat, is urgently needed. Furthermore, this species requires close monitoring given that many other stream-dwelling Eleutherodactylus species have suddenly disappeared for unexplained reasons, even in pristine habitat.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Eleutherodactylus turquinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 28 August 2015.
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