Eleutherodactylus turquinensis 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Eleutherodactylidae

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus turquinensis Barbour and Shreve, 1937
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6 (27 January 2014). New York, USA. Available at: (Accessed: 27 January 2014).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Critically Endangered because its Area of Occupancy is probably less than 10km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat on the Sierra Maestra in southeastern Cuba is declining.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is restricted to the Sierra Maestra, Cuba, within an altitudinal range of 455-1,400m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species is common in suitable habitats, although the availability of this habitat is limited.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is aquatic and restricted to high-altitude montane streams in closed cloud forest. It is the most aquatic of all Cuban Eleutherodactylus. It breeds by direct development with eggs that are laid on land.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threat to this species is habitat destruction that is taking place due to agricultural expansion, wood-cutting, disturbance from tourists, and infrastructure development for human settlement; as a high-altitude, cloud forest, stream-dwelling species, it also might be susceptible to chytridiomycosis.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in the Parque Nacional Turquino and Parque Nacional La Bayamesa, but there is no management of these areas for conservation, and the habitat continues to be destroyed. As such, improved management of these, and maintenance of the remaining habitat, is urgently needed. Furthermore, this species requires close monitoring given that many other stream-dwelling Eleutherodactylus species have suddenly disappeared for unexplained reasons, even in pristine habitat.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz. 2004. Eleutherodactylus turquinensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57019A11568210. . Downloaded on 24 September 2018.
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