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Eleutherodactylus toa 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Eleutherodactylidae

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus toa Estrada and Hedges, 1991
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (7 July 2014). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Annotations:
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest and stream habitat in eastern Cuba.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is restricted to Macizo de Sagua-Baracoa, eastern Cuba, at an altitude of 195-900m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Cuba
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It can be moderately common in the narrow, suitable habitat in which it occurs.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a riparian/aquatic species occurring in streams and nearby areas in mesic closed forests. It breeds by direct development.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is habitat loss due to deforestation for subsistence farming and logging, and mining.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs marginally in Parque Nacional Alejandro de Humboldt, but additional protection of forest habitats is clearly needed. As a stream-associated species of eastern Cuba, this species must be monitored carefully because other stream-dwelling amphibians in the West Indies have disappeared suddenly after being formerly abundant.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz. 2004. Eleutherodactylus toa. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T57009A11565575. . Downloaded on 20 September 2018.
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