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Eleutherodactylus sciagraphus 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Eleutherodactylidae

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus sciagraphus Schwartz, 1973

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A3c; B2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-12-18
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Critically Endangered because of an expected population decline of greater than 80% over the next ten years, predicted from severe degradation of the species' habitat on the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti; and because its Area of Occupancy is also less than 10km2, all individuals are in a single sub-population, and the extent of its forest habitat is declining.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from one locality in the Massif de la Hotte, Haiti, at an altitude of 1,060-1,081 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Haiti
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1060
Upper elevation limit (metres):1081
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It has only been encountered once during the last two decades, despite considerable collecting effort in its only known locality prior to 1991. The species is rarely encountered even in suitable habitat. It was last recorded in 1984 (Hedges and Díaz 2009).
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is found under rocks at high elevations in closed moist forest. Eggs are laid on the ground and it breeds by direct development.
Systems:Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The reason for the decline of this species is unknown, although there has been severe habitat destruction within its range due to charcoal collection and slash-and-burn agriculture.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known to occur in any protected areas. Urgent site-based action is required in the Massif de la Hotte to conserve the remaining habitat in the area, in order to ensure the persistence of this species as well as other threatened amphibians known only from this area. Survey work is also necessary to determine the current population status of this species.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Richard Thomas. 2010. Eleutherodactylus sciagraphus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T56955A11560445. . Downloaded on 16 August 2018.
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