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Eleutherodactylus ruthae 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Eleutherodactylidae

Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus ruthae Noble, 1923
Taxonomic Notes: This species is probably a complex of several species.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii,v) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Annotations:
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Richard Thomas, Robert Powell
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is probably less than 5,000km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and the extent of its forest habitat, and the number of mature individuals, on Hispaniola is declining.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is widely, albeit patchily, distributed in Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic), with an altitudinal range from sea level up to 900m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Dominican Republic; Haiti
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is rarely encountered, and believed to be declining in suitable habitat for reasons that are unknown.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It occurs in xeric pine forest and mesic forest, including in degraded areas. Males call from, and females lay eggs in, closed underground chambers. Breeding is by direct development.
Systems:Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threat is severe habitat destruction due to agriculture (the cultivation of crops and livestock farming) and charcoaling. However, this does not explain the decline in suitable habitats, and other factors such as invasive predators, climate change, and chytridiomycosis may be implicated.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in several protected areas. Further research is necessary to investigate the reasons for the decline of this species in suitable habitat. Further, given that this may represent a complex of species, each with an exceedingly small range, taxonomic work is needed to ascertain the true taxonomic status of individual populations.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Sixto Inchaustegui, Richard Thomas, Robert Powell. 2004. Eleutherodactylus ruthae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56938A11557345. . Downloaded on 24 June 2018.
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