|Scientific Name:||Pristimantis orpacobates (Lynch, Ruíz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1994)|
Eleutherodactylus orpacobates Lynch, Ruíz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1994
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Amézquita, A., Mejía, D., Gómez, D., Vargas-Salinas, F., Gonzalez Duran, G.A., Rueda-Almonacid, J.V., Ardila-Robayo, M., Ramírez Pinilla, M., Bernal, M.H., Osorno-Muñoz, M., Rivera, M., Gutierrez, P. & Bolívar, W.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Hobin, L., NatureServe|
Listed as Near Threatened because its extent of occurrence (EOO) is about 24,673 km2, but it probably occurs in around 10 threat-defined locations and there is a continuous decline in the extent and quality of habitat due to agriculture activities, illegal crops, cattle ranching and mining activities throughout its range, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is known only from along the western flank of the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia from Antioquia Department to Valle del Cauca Department. It occurs at moderate elevations between 1,140–2,000 m asl. Subpopulations from the eastern slope of Cordillera Central, Caldas Department correspond to other species (W. Bolívar pers. comm. August 2016).|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is a locally common species (W. Bolívar pers. comm. August 2016). The subpopulation from Yotoco has shown a decline (F. Vargas-Salinas pers. comm. August 2016). Due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of habitat, the population is suspected to be decreasing.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species is from premontane forest and cloud forest. It is a nocturnal species that inhabits the understory of primary or secondary forests. Eggs are laid on logs and moss, and breeding takes place by direct development.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||Major threats throughout its range include habitat loss due to agriculture activities, illegal crops, cattle ranching and mining activities.|
The range of the species is within Tatamá, Farallones de Cali and Las Orquídeas National Parks.
Further research in population trends, ecology and distribution are recommended for the species.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Pristimantis orpacobates. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T56817A85876005.Downloaded on 14 December 2017.|
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