Pristimantis orpacobates 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Craugastoridae

Scientific Name: Pristimantis orpacobates (Lynch, Ruíz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1994)
Eleutherodactylus orpacobates Lynch, Ruíz-Carranza and Ardila-Robayo, 1994
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Martha Patricia Ramírez Pinilla, Mariela Osorno-Muñoz, Jose Vicente Rueda, Adolfo Amézquita, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Vulnerable because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 20,000 km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat in the Colombian Andes.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known only from along the western flank of the Cordillera Occidental of Colombia from Paramillo (Antioquía Department) to Valle del Cauca Department, and from the eastern slope of the department of Caldas in the Cordillera Central. It occurs at moderate elevations from 700-2,000m asl. It might occur a little more widely, but this requires confirmation.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a common species.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A nocturnal species that inhabits primary or secondary forests with good regeneration. It perches on branches and bushes very high above the ground. Eggs are laid on logs and moss, and breeding takes place by direct development.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The primary threats are habitat loss, due to agriculture (both crops and livestock), and pollution, as a result of the fumigation of crops.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Its range includes Parque Nacional Natural Tatama, Parque Nacional Natural Farallones de Cali, Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquideas, and Regional Reserve Bosques de Florencia.

Citation: Martha Patricia Ramírez Pinilla, Mariela Osorno-Muñoz, Jose Vicente Rueda, Adolfo Amézquita, María Cristina Ardila-Robayo. 2004. Pristimantis orpacobates. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56817A11538326. . Downloaded on 20 October 2017.
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