Pristimantis bellona 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Craugastoridae

Scientific Name: Pristimantis bellona (Lynch, 1992)
Common Name(s):
English Murri Robber Frog
Eleutherodactylus bellona Lynch, 1992
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered, in view of its extent of occurrence of less than 5,000km2 and area of occupancy of less than 500km2, with all individuals known from only two locations, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat at one of the two known locations.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from the type locality (Murri) and from Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquideas, both in the municipality of Frontino, in Antioquia Department, on the western flank of the Cordillera Occidental, in Colombia, from 1,100-2,000m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is more common at Murri than at Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquideas.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It is usually found on low vegetation and in leaf-litter, inside cloud forests and very humid forest; it has not been recorded outside forest habitat. It breeds by direct development.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Outside the national park, there is increasing pressure on the remaining habitat from agricultural development, including the planting of illegal crops.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Although this species occurs in Parque Nacional Natural Las Orquideas, the type locality remains unprotected. Further research is needed to determine whether this species occurs outside the two known localities.

Citation: Fernando Castro, Maria Isabel Herrera, John Lynch. 2004. Pristimantis bellona. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56457A11481251. . Downloaded on 24 November 2017.
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