Ceratophrys cornuta 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Ceratophryidae

Scientific Name: Ceratophrys cornuta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Common Name(s):
English Surinam Horned Frog, Amazonian Horned Frog
Spanish Rana Cornuda, Sapo Cuaima Cornudo
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 October 2016). New York, USA Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Enrique La Marca, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species geographic range exists from Amazonian Basin of Colombia, Ecuador, the Guianas, southern Venezuela (although there are no specimens to confirm as yet), Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil. It has an altitudinal range of 0-400m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; French Guiana; Guyana; Peru; Suriname
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a rare to locally common species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species can be found in open environments in forested areas and on the ground in leaf-litter within old growth rainforest. At Santa Cecilia, one specimen was found sitting on the ground in secondary forest at the night (Duellman, 1978). Rodríguez and Duellman (1994) observed that this terrestrial, nocturnal frog backs into leaf-litter so that only the head is visible, in this position it waits for passing prey. It breeds in pools.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are not known, although the species could be of interest to the pet trade, which might affect some populations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The range of this species includes many protected areas. In Ecuador, its geographic range overlaps with Reserva Biológica Limoncocha. The distribution of the species in Venezuela in not known with certainty, and is the reason why we do not know whether or not some populations live within protected areas.

Citation: Enrique La Marca, Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Claudia Azevedo-Ramos. 2004. Ceratophrys cornuta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T56337A11464093. . Downloaded on 15 October 2018.
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