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Crocidura nicobarica

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA EULIPOTYPHLA SORICIDAE

Scientific Name: Crocidura nicobarica
Species Authority: Miller, 1902
Common Name/s:
English Nicobar Shrew, Nicobar White-tailed Shrew

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(ii,iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor/s: Saha, S.S., Molur, S. & Nameer, P.O.
Reviewer/s: Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Cox, N. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
Listed as Critically Endangered because its extent of occurrence is less than 100 km², all individuals are in a single location, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat.
History:
2002 Data Deficient
1996 Endangered

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known only from the southern tip of Greater Nicobar Island (India) in the Bay of Bengal. It has been recorded up to about 100 m (Molur et al. 2005).
Countries:
Native:
India (Nicobar Is.)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: In 1975 the species was recorded from Campbell Bay National Park to the Galathea River, but in a subsequent survey in 1984, no specimens were observed in the same area (S.S. Saha pers. comm.). The population is considered to be decreasing.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The Nicobar Shrew is a nocturnal and semi fossorial species, which lives among leaf litter in tropical moist deciduous forest (Molur et al. 2005).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by habitat loss due to selective logging, general anthropogenic activities and tsunami events (Molur et al. 2005).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The Nicobar Shrew has been recorded from Campbell Bay National Park (possibly now extinct here) and Galathea National Park in Great Nicobar Islands (Chakraborty et al. 2004; Molur et al. 2005). Additional studies are needed into the distribution, abundance, general ecology and threats to this little-known species.
Citation: Saha, S.S., Molur, S. & Nameer, P.O. 2008. Crocidura nicobarica. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 21 April 2014.
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