Acanthixalus spinosus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Hyperoliidae

Scientific Name: Acanthixalus spinosus (Buchholz & Peters, 1875)
Common Name(s):
English African Wart Frog
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2013. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2013-06-19
Assessor(s): IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group
Reviewer(s): Stuart, S.N.
Contributor(s): Schiøtz, A. & Amiet, J.-L.
Facilitator/Compiler(s): Morris, E.J.
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification and its presumed large population.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species ranges from southeastern Nigeria and southern Cameroon east to northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo (Kivu), and south to extreme western Democratic Republic of Congo (Mayombe). It has been recorded from Gabon, and presumed to occur in southwestern Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, and the Cabinda Enclave of Angola. The species' distribution on the map includes areas the species is presumed to occur.
Countries occurrence:
Cameroon; Congo; Congo, The Democratic Republic of the; Gabon; Nigeria
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This is a hard species to find, and so its abundance is unclear.
Current Population Trend:Unknown
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It lives in lowland rainforest. The frogs are arboreal and aquatic spending most of their time, and breeding, in the small bodies of water that accumulate in cavities of living and dead trees. It can survive in heavily degraded forest, providing that large trees survive.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade:

There are no reports of this species being utilized.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Despite its tolerance of habitat modification, it depends on large trees with holes that collect rainwater, and is presumably affected by ongoing forest loss.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It presumably occurs in a number of protected areas.

Citation: IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2013. Acanthixalus spinosus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T56055A18369717. . Downloaded on 19 June 2018.
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