Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Hylidae

Scientific Name: Smilisca dentata
Species Authority: (Smith, 1957)
Common Name(s):
English Upland Burrowing Treefrog
Spanish Rana-de Arbol De Tierras Altas
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2015. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: This species was previously included in the genus Pternohyla which was recently synonymized with Smilisca (Faivovich et al. 2005).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-10-06
Assessor(s): Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez, Paulino Ponce-Campos
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000km2, its Area of Occupancy is less than 500km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is a continuing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat in southern Agusacalientes and extreme northwestern Jalisco, Mexico.
Previously published Red List assessments:
2004 Endangered (EN)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in southern Aguascalientes and extreme north-western Jalisco, Mexico, at elevations between 1,800 and 1,900m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Lower elevation limit (metres): 1800
Upper elevation limit (metres): 1900
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is a rare species.
Current Population Trend: Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occurs only in flooded grasslands, and breeds in temporary and permanent pools.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The transformation of the original grassland habitat into agricultural land, and the subsequent pollution from pesticides, are major threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It does not occur within any protected areas, and urgent protection of the original habitat of this species is required (especially in Aguascalientes where only a small area of suitable habitat remains). This species is listed as "Threatened" (Amenazada) by the Mexican government.

Citation: Georgina Santos-Barrera, Luis Canseco-Márquez, Paulino Ponce-Campos. 2010. Smilisca dentata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T55906A11386657. . Downloaded on 04 October 2015.
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