|Scientific Name:||Pseudacris crucifer|
|Species Authority:||(Wied-Neuwied, 1838)|
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2014. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (7 July 2014). Electronic Database. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Hammerson, G.A. & Pelletier, S.|
|Facilitator/Compiler(s):||Angulo, A., Sharp, D. & Hobin, L.|
Listed as Least Concern in view of the large extent of occurrence, large number of sub-populations and localities, large population size and use of a wide range of habitats.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species occurs throughout the eastern USA and adjacent eastern Canada (east to Labrador; Bergman 1999), west to Manitoba, Minnesota, Iowa, eastern Kansas, Oklahoma, and eastern Texas (Conant and Collins 1991). It is absent from southern Florida. It was formerly believed to have been introduced in Cuba (Schwartz and Henderson 1991), but it has not been found there (Powell and Henderson 1999).|
Native:Canada (Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec); United States (Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||There are thousands of sub-populations and millions of individuals, and the population is thought to be stable.|
|Current Population Trend:||Stable|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Typically it is found in moist wooded areas, especially near breeding pools. The species is mostly terrestrial and it hides under logs, rocks or other objects when inactive. Eggs are laid and larvae develop in small temporary or permanent waters of ponds (including those in fields with nearby forest), marshes, ditches and swamps, especially those with standing plants, sticks or other debris. Males call usually from among herbaceous vegetation adjacent to or standing in water. In northern Minnesota, successful reproduction in acidic bog water either does not occur or is a rare event (Karns 1992).|
|Use and Trade:||
There are no records of this species being utilized.
|Major Threat(s):||Wetland drainage reduces the available habitat. Although the species does not thrive in areas of urbanization and intense agriculture, it is moderately adaptable and not considered to face any major threats on a global scale.|
It occurs in many protected areas. There are no species-specific conservation actions needed.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2015. Pseudacris crucifer. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T55892A78908468.Downloaded on 26 October 2016.|
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