Epipedobates anthonyi 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dendrobatidae

Scientific Name: Epipedobates anthonyi (Noble, 1921)
Common Name(s):
English Anthony's Poison-Arrow Frog
Spanish Rana Tricolor Ecuatoriana
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: This species and Epipedobates tricolor were recently separated by Schulte (1999). We follow Graham et al. (2004) in restricting the distribution of E. anthonyi to southern Ecuador and northern Peru.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2008-10-08
Assessor(s): Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Stefan Lötters, Pablo Venegas
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Near Threatened because its Extent of Occurrence is probably not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are probably declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in south-western Ecuador (in El Oro, Azuay and Loja Provinces) and north-western Peru (in Ancash, Piura and Tumbes regions), west of the Andes, at 153-1,769m asl. The record from Ancash, Peru, is doubtful (E. Lehr pers. comm.). It is likely to occur a little more widely than current records suggest.
Countries occurrence:
Ecuador; Peru
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):153
Upper elevation limit (metres):1769
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:In southern Ecuador this is an abundant species.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It lives in equatorial dry forest near streams and can be found in altered habitats. It lays its eggs in leaf-litter, and the males carry the larvae to running and standing water where they continue their development.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): This species is threatened by agrochemical pollution of waterways, and is also collected for medicinal use in Ecuador (although not currently in sufficient numbers to be a threat).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is not known with certainty if it occurs in any protected areas. The impact on it of collection for medicinal use and commercial trade in wild specimens should be monitored.

Citation: Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Stefan Lötters, Pablo Venegas. 2010. Epipedobates anthonyi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T55213A11268789. . Downloaded on 23 May 2018.
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