Oophaga histrionica 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Dendrobatidae

Scientific Name: Oophaga histrionica (Berthold, 1845)
Common Name(s):
English Harlequin Poison Frog, Common Poison-arrow Frog, Red-and-black Poison Frog
Dendrobates histrionicus Berthold, 1846
Oophaga histrionicus Berthold, 1846
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Wilmar Bolívar, Stefan Lötters, Taran Grant
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in the Pacific Lowlands of Colombia, in the Departments of Antioquia, Choco, and Valle del Cauca, from sea level up to 1,000m.
Countries occurrence:
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a common species.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It lives mostly on the ground in tropical rainforests, but it can be found also perching on leaves at different levels above ground. It can survive in secondary forest, and in small plantations, but not in open areas. The eggs are laid on the ground, and the larvae are transported to bromeliads by the female.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The major threats are deforestation for agricultural development, illegal crops, logging, and human settlement, and pollution resulting from the spraying of illegal crops. The species is also sometimes collected illegally for the international pet trade and the medicinal trade, but it is not clear that this has a significant impact on its populations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in several protected areas. Management practices that could allow a commercial, sustainable harvest of this species should be investigated. Decree INDERENA No. 39 of 9 July, 1985, forbids the collection of Dendrobates spp. from the wild for breeding (or other) purposes. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.

Citation: Wilmar Bolívar, Stefan Lötters, Taran Grant. 2004. Oophaga histrionica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T55187A11254233. . Downloaded on 25 September 2018.
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