|Scientific Name:||Sachatamia punctulata (Ruíz-Carranza & Lynch, 1995)|
Cochranella punctulata Ruíz-Carranza & Lynch, 1995
|Taxonomic Source(s):||Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 March 2016). New York, USA. Available at: http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia/index.html.|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Named as Cochranella punctulata by Ruiz-Carranza and Linch in 1995, the genus has then been reviewed and replaced with Sachatamia by Guayasamin et al. in 2009.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable B1ab(iii) ver 3.1|
|Assessor(s):||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group|
|Contributor(s):||Molina, C., Rivera, M. & Marin, C.|
This species has a restricted distribution in the Central Cordillera of Colombia, an extent of occurrence (EOO) of 16,558 km2 and its population is considered to be severely fragmented. There is continuing decline in the extent and quality of habitat due to agricultural, livestock and mining activities. It is therefore listed as Vulnerable.
|Previously published Red List assessments:|
|Range Description:||This species is known from Tolima, Antioquia, and Caldas Departments, on the eastern flank of the Central Cordillera, in northern Colombia, between 360 and 1,400 m asl (Ruiz-Carranza and Lynch 1997,|
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||It is an uncommon species and most of the population is in small sub-populations with no exchange of individuals among them. The population is therefore considered as severely fragmented and, due to ongoing decline in the extent and quality of its habitat, it is also suspected to be decreasing.|
|Current Population Trend:||Decreasing|
|Habitat and Ecology:||It occurs in low and intermediate tropical forests, on vegetation alongside streams. Eggs are laid on leaves over-hanging water and when they hatch the tadpoles drop in to the water below where they develop further (Bernal and Lynch 2013). They require gallery forest to lay their eggs, and hence are very sensitive to habitat disturbance.|
|Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:||Yes|
|Movement patterns:||Not a Migrant|
|Use and Trade:||There are no records of this species being utilized.|
|Major Threat(s):||It is restricted to remnant forest habitats throughout its range, and there is lack of habitat connectivity between known sites attributed to the inhospitable nature of the surrounding agricultural matrix. Therefore the major threats to this species include habitat loss and fragmentation due to expansion of cattle grazing and agriculture (including illegal crops) and mining activities. In some areas of the distribution, there is water diversion for small hydroelectric plants (pequeñas centrales hidroelectricas).|
This species does not occur in any protected area.
Site area and habitat protection is recommended.
Studies are needed to better understand its distribution, population size and trends and current threats.
|Citation:||IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group. 2017. Sachatamia punctulata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T54983A85874452.Downloaded on 19 September 2017.|
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