Melanophryniscus tumifrons


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Melanophryniscus tumifrons
Species Authority: (Boulenger, 1905)
Common Name(s):
Spanish Sapito De Colores
Atelopus tumifrons Boulenger, 1905
Taxonomic Notes: The forms spectabilis and simplex were elevated to species status by Caramaschi and Cruz (2002). These authors also resurrected the species Melanophryniscus pachyrhynus, formerly considered a synonym of M. tumifrons.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Paulo Garcia, Magno Vicente Segalla, Esteban Lavilla, Diego Baldo
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul states, Brazil, at 200-1,000m asl. Populations from Argentina (M. spectablis) and Paraguay (M. fulvoguttatus) formerly ascribed to this species are now considered distinct species.
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The population status is unknown because it is very difficult to survey this species.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It occurs in open areas and forest. Reproduction is explosive and occurs in temporary pools.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Deforestation, cattle ranching and water pollution are threats to this species. It is also potentially threatened by the international pet trade.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It might occur in private reserves.

Citation: Paulo Garcia, Magno Vicente Segalla, Esteban Lavilla, Diego Baldo 2004. Melanophryniscus tumifrons. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <>. Downloaded on 27 March 2015.
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