Rhinella sternosignata 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Rhinella sternosignata (Günther, 1859)
Common Name(s):
English Falcon Toad
Spanish Sapito Con Cruz, Sapito de Quebrada, Sapo Cruzado
Bufo sternosignatus Günther, 1859
Rhinella sternosignatus (Günther, 1859) [orth. error]
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2017. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA Available at:

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Near Threatened ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Enrique La Marca, Jesús Manzanilla, Abraham Mijares, César Luis Barrio Amorós
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Near Threatened because its Extent of Occurrence is not much greater than 20,000 km2, and the extent and quality of its habitat are declining, thus making the species close to qualifying for Vulnerable.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species is known from the Venezuelan states of Aragua, Carabobo, Cojedes, Falcón, Lara, Miranda, Portuguesa, Yaracuy, and the Andean piedmont of Barinas State. It has also recently been reported from Colombia on the Cordillera Central and Cordillera Oriental. It is a mid-altitude species, occurring up to 1,800m asl.
Countries occurrence:
Colombia; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is a common species.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a nocturnal and crepuscular frog living on the floor of semi-deciduous (seasonal) forest in mountain regions of the Venezuelan coastal mountain range and the northernmost portion of the Venezuelan Andes. It is often associated with slow-flowing stream pools where it congregates in large numbers in the breeding season.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat degradation is a major threat since most of the species' habitat is being converted for coffee and cacao plantations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Some populations are within national parks in the Venezuelan Coastal range, and the Sierra de Portuguesa (Portuguesa and Lara States). Lower montane forests in the Venezuelan Andes are in need of protection, especially the semi-deciduous forests that have been used for coffee and cacao plantations for centuries.

Citation: Enrique La Marca, Jesús Manzanilla, Abraham Mijares, César Luis Barrio Amorós. 2004. Rhinella sternosignata. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54767A11200953. . Downloaded on 25 May 2018.
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