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Rhinella schneideri

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA BUFONIDAE

Scientific Name: Rhinella schneideri
Species Authority: (Werner, 1894)
Common Name(s):
English Cururu Toad
Spanish Cururú, Rococo
Synonym(s):
Bufo paracnemis A. Lutz, 1925
Bufo schneideri Werner, 1894

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Lucy Aquino, Steffen Reichle, Guarino Colli, Norman Scott, Esteban Lavilla, Jose Langone
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a broad range of habitats, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from Argentina (Misiones, Corrientes, Chaco, Entre Ríos, Formosa, Jujuy, Salta, Santiago del Estero, Cordoba, Santa Fe, and Tucumán), Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Brazil (from Ceará to Río Grande do Sul), Paraguay, and Uruguay (Artigas, Salto, Paysandu, Río Negro, and Soriano). It is known from 0-2,000m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Argentina; Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Brazil; Paraguay; Uruguay
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It is very common. Its range appears to be contracting in northern Cordoba and Jujuy, Argentina.
Population Trend: Increasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is widespread, found in various habitats, including the Chaco, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest regions, although it occurs mainly in open and urban areas. It has been observed eating bees at hives. It breeds in permanent and temporary ponds where the tadpoles also develop, and prefers still waterbodies without much vegetation. Males calls at night from the edge or within the water. It adapts well to anthropogenic disturbance.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no known threats to this species, except for the elimination of this species by apiculturists when they see it, but this is only a localized threat. It is sometimes found in the international pet trade but at levels that do not currently constitute a major threat.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Taxonomic work to determine whether or not this represents a species complex is needed. It occurs in several protected areas.

Citation: Lucy Aquino, Steffen Reichle, Guarino Colli, Norman Scott, Esteban Lavilla, Jose Langone 2004. Rhinella schneideri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 20 August 2014.
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