Rhinella proboscidea 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Amphibia Anura Bufonidae

Scientific Name: Rhinella proboscidea (Spix, 1824)
Bufo proboscideus Spix, 1824
Rhinella proboscidea (Spix, 1824)
Rhinella proboscideus Spix, 1824
Taxonomic Source(s): Frost, D.R. 2016. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0 (31 October 2016). New York, USA Available at:
Taxonomic Notes: Hoogmoed (1990) noted that this species was referred to erroneously as Rhinella dapsilis by Zimmerman and Bogart (1988), who removed it from the synonymy of Rhinella margaritifera (referred to as Bufo typhonius). The diagnostic differences between this form and geographically proximate members of the Rhinella margaritifera group are not well documented.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Claude Gascon, Marinus Hoogmoed
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Listed as Least Concern in view of its wide distribution, tolerance of a degree of habitat modification, presumed large population, and because it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a more threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs along the main trunk of the Amazon River from Manaus to eastern Ecuador, including Colombia and Peru. Although Frost (2002) records this species as spanning from the "Amazon river region from Ecuador to Manaus, Brazil", there have been no specific localities provided for eastern Ecuador.
Countries occurrence:
Brazil; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:It is very common.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It lives in old growth and old second growth Tropical rainforest (See discussion by Hoogmoed, 1986). It reproduces explosively in small temporary pools.
Systems:Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat destruction and degradation are threats to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in protected areas.

Citation: Luis A. Coloma, Santiago Ron, Claude Gascon, Marinus Hoogmoed. 2004. Rhinella proboscidea. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T54737A11197047. . Downloaded on 25 April 2018.
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