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Peltophryne cataulaciceps

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA AMPHIBIA ANURA BUFONIDAE

Scientific Name: Peltophryne cataulaciceps
Species Authority: (Schwartz, 1959)
Common Name(s):
English Cuban Pine Toad
Spanish Sapito De Las Sabanas Arenosas
Synonym(s):
Bufo cataulaciceps Schwartz, 1959

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered B1ab(iii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Assessor(s): Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz
Reviewer(s): Global Amphibian Assessment Coordinating Team (Simon Stuart, Janice Chanson, Neil Cox and Bruce Young)
Justification:
Listed as Endangered because its Extent of Occurrence is less than 5,000km2, its distribution is severely fragmented, and there is continuing decline in the extent and quality of its forest habitat.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species has a restricted range in the lowlands of the Isla de Juventud and extreme western Cuba. It has been recorded from sea level up to 50m asl.
Countries:
Native:
Cuba
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It can be very common at breeding aggregations, but is otherwise hard to find.
Population Trend: Decreasing

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It inhabits savannah habitat, with pinewood and palms, with sandy soils. Males call from temporary pools (rain puddles), flooded pastures, and other shallow still water (which is also where the eggs are laid). It is an explosive breeder that breeds after heavy rains.
Systems: Terrestrial; Freshwater

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): The main threats to this species are habitat loss and degradation due to intensive agriculture and the extraction of sand for the glass industry. The invasive Dichrostachys cinerea (Marabu), a thorny, fast-growing woody species native to Africa that was introduced to the Caribbean in the 19th century, also poses a threat to native habitat, and is difficult and expensive to control.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The range of the species includes the Reserva Ecológica los Indios.

Citation: Blair Hedges, Luis Díaz 2004. Peltophryne cataulaciceps. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 29 August 2014.
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