Coendou bicolor


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Coendou bicolor
Species Authority: (Tschudi, 1844)
Common Name(s):
English Bicolor-spined Porcupine
Taxonomic Notes: The species is in need of revision (see C. quichua).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Dunnum, J. & Delgado, C.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
This species is listed as Least Concern in because of its wide distribution, presumed large population, occurrence in a number of protected areas, tolerance to some degree of habitat modification, and because it is unlikely to be declining at nearly the rate required to qualify for listing in a threatened category.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in northwest Bolivia, Peru, western Ecuador, northern and southwest Colombia (Woods and Kilpatrick, 2005). In Bolivia it is found from the lowlands of Beni up to 2,500 m asl in the yungas (Incachaca) of Cochabamba (Anderson, 1997).
Bolivia, Plurinational States of; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It can be locally common, at low densities, as per other porcupines, and widespread; it is becoming less common due to deforestation.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: It is nocturnal, arboreal and solitary, but adult pairs have been found denning together in tree holes. It is slow moving but can climb swiftly. It is restricted to forested regions, and is found in mature and disturbed lowland and montane rainforest; its movements are inoffensive, but quick to defend itself with its spines or by biting. It feeds leaves, fruits and bark (Emmons and Feer 1997).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There are no major threats. In the Bolivian yungas, the species is killed as a pest in fruit orchards (J. Vargas pers. comm.).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It occurs in several protected areas and is listed as Vulnerable in Argentina (Ojeda and Diaz, 2000).

Citation: Dunnum, J. & Delgado, C. 2008. Coendou bicolor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. <>. Downloaded on 30 August 2015.
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