|Scientific Name:||Actinella giramica|
|Species Authority:||(R.T. Lowe, 1852)|
|Taxonomic Notes:||Mandahl-Barth (1950) and Bank et al. (2002) treat this as a separate species. Waldén (1983) noted the status as a distinct species from nitidiuscula was uncertain. Seddon (pers. com, 2010) noted that detailed surveying may allow the recognition of the species limits between A. nitidiuscula and A. giramica.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Vulnerable D2 ver 2.3|
|Assessor/s:||Seddon, M. & Abreu, C.|
|Reviewer/s:||Groh, K., Cuttelod, A. & Neubert, E.|
This species is known from a valley inland from Cabo Girao and is threatened by habitat loss due to the development of tourist accommodation. Seddon (2008) proposed the listing should be as Vulnerable (VU) D2, based on restricted area and possible threats of habitat decline due to development of land. This listing was confirmed during evaluation of this assessment (November, 2010).
This species is endemic to Madeira where it is restricted from Cabo Girao inland within this valley (Seddon 2008).
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This is a large helicid which is easily collected and is frequent in samples taken within the right area (Seddon 2008).|
|Habitat and Ecology:||The species is found in grassland, open scrubby vegetation and rocky slopes (Seddon 2008) .|
|Major Threat(s):||The habitat has been subject to changing land-use practice as a result of hotel developments and increasing urbanisation and as such the quality of the habitat has declined (Seddon 2008).|
|Conservation Actions:||The habitat does not lie within a protected area and has been subject to changing land-use practice for the last 50 years as result of hotel developments and increasing urbanisation (Seddon 2008). Habitat monitoring and population monitoring are required to establish the species limits and check the long-term trends for the species.|
|Citation:||Seddon, M. & Abreu, C. 2011. Actinella giramica. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 May 2013.|
|Feedback:||If you see any errors or have any questions or suggestions on what is shown on this page, please fill in the feedback form so that we can correct or extend the information provided|