Chlamyphorus truncatus


Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family

Scientific Name: Chlamyphorus truncatus
Species Authority: Harlan, 1825
Common Name/s:
English Pink Fairy Armadillo, Lesser Fairy Armadillo, Lesser Pichi Ciego
Spanish Pichiciego
Taxonomic Notes: Three subspecies have been described (Yepes 1932).

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Data Deficient ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-12-09
Assessor/s: Superina, M. & Abba, A.M.
Reviewer/s: Roig, V.G. & Seitz, V.
Contributor/s: Roig, V.G.
Chlamyphorus truncatus is listed as Data Deficient as there is little information on the population status of this species, and its biology and ecology are poorly known. Throughout its range there is extensive habitat degradation, especially from cattle, but the actual effect on the populations are not well understood. The species remains a priority for further survey work, as the availability of additional information may well show that the species requires listing as Near Threatened or in a threatened category.
2008 Data Deficient (IUCN 2008)
2008 Data Deficient
2006 Near Threatened (IUCN 2006)
2006 Near Threatened
1996 Endangered
1994 Insufficiently Known (Groombridge 1994)
1990 Insufficiently Known (IUCN 1990)
1988 Insufficiently Known (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1988)
1986 Insufficiently Known (IUCN Conservation Monitoring Centre 1986)
1982 Insufficiently Known (Thornback and Jenkins 1982)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This smallest of all armadillo species is endemic to central Argentina, where it is found in the provinces of Buenos Aires (southern part only), Catamarca, Cordoba, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, San Juan and San Luis.
Argentina (Buenos Aires, Catamarca, Córdoba, La Pampa, La Rioja, Mendoza, Rio Negro, San Juan, San Luis)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: It may be relatively rare, but nothing is known about its population size or trend.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This poorly known, nocturnal species is found in dry grassland and sandy plains with shrubby vegetation.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat conversion due to agriculture (ploughing of fields) and cattle ranching (compaction of soil) are the predominant threats this species is facing, but predation by domestic cats and dogs is also contributing to its decline.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: It is present in a number of protected areas including Lihué Calel National Park in La Pampa (9,905 ha), and some provincial protected areas in Mendoza. There is national and provincial legislation specifically in place for its protection, such as Provincial Law 6599 Mendoza. Further studies into the population status, demography and ecology of this species are needed.
Citation: Superina, M. & Abba, A.M. 2010. Chlamyphorus truncatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <>. Downloaded on 17 April 2014.
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