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Passiflora anfracta 

Scope: Global
Language: English
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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Violales Passifloraceae

Scientific Name: Passiflora anfracta Mast. ex Andrè

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Endangered A4c ver 3.1
Year Published: 2004
Date Assessed: 2004-04-30
Annotations:
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Jørgensen, P. & Pitman, N.
Reviewer(s): Valencia, R., Pitman, N., Léon-Yánez, S. & Jørgensen, P.M. (Ecuador Plants Red List Authority)
Justification:
Passiflora anfracta is endemic to Ecuador's coastal forest, where it grows in the narrow strip of wet forest that runs parallel to the Andes. Known from five subpopulations. None of these are in Ecuador’s protected areas network, however, the species is expected to be found in the Reserva Ecológica Cayapas-Mataje and also in Colombia. Restricted to closed wet coastal forest and considered Critically Endangered in the southern part of its distribution, due to the rapid ongoing deforestation of Ecuador’s coast.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Endemic to Ecuador's coastal forest, where it grows in the narrow strip of wet forest that runs parallel to the Andes, from Guayas province in the south to Esmeraldas province in the north. Known from five subpopulations: at Naranjal, the Hacienda Clementina, and in the Río Palenque, Jauneche and Mataje private reserves. None of these are part of Ecuador’s protected areas network. Expected also to be found in Colombia. In Mataje, the species grows on the borders of the ethnic reserve. Dodson and Gentry (1978) and Dodson et al. (1985) wrongly used the name Passiflora aff. biflora for this species.
Countries occurrence:
Native:
Ecuador
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A vine restricted to closed wet coastal forest (0–250 m).
Systems:Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Threatened in the southern part of its distribution due to the rapid ongoing deforestation of Ecuador’s coast.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Not known to occur inside Ecuador’s protected areas network, but expected to be found in the Reserva Ecológica Cayapas-Mataje.

Citation: Jørgensen, P. & Pitman, N. 2004. Passiflora anfracta. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T45540A11003923. . Downloaded on 15 October 2018.
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