Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Magnoliopsida Gentianales Gentianaceae

Scientific Name: Centaurium sebaeoides
Species Authority: (Griseb.) Druce

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered A2a ver 3.1
Year Published: 2003
Date Assessed: 2003-04-30
Needs updating
Assessor(s): Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V.
Reviewer(s): Maunder, M. (Plant Conservation Committee) & Pollock, C.M. (Red List Programme Office)
Centaurium sebaeoides is endemic to the islands of Kaua'i, Oahu, Molokai, Maui and Lana'i, in Hawaii. Eleven subpopulations currently are known. In 1997 there were estimated to be between 6,300 and 6,600 individuals. In 1999 the population had fallen to 60–80 individuals. The cause of this population decline was mainly drought. The current population is threatened by habitat degradation caused by ungulates, competition with alien plants, fires, coastal development, and trampling by humans.

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: Centaurium sebaeoides is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.
Countries occurrence:
United States (Hawaiian Is.)
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Current Population Trend: Unknown
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: An annual herb, 6-20 cm tall, occurring in dry shrublands, primarily at coastal sites with coralline or basaltic substrates.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Current threats include goats, deer, cattle, invasive plant species and impacts from human activities.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Federally and state listed as endangered.

Citation: Bruegmann, M.M. & Caraway, V. 2003. Centaurium sebaeoides. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2003: e.T44136A10863109. . Downloaded on 04 October 2015.
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