Pinus pumila 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Pinus pumila (Pall.) Regel
Common Name(s):
English Dwarf Siberian Pine, Dwarf Stone Pine
Pinus cembra L. var. pygmaea Loudon
Pinus cembrea L. var. pumila Pall.
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-01-31
Assessor(s): Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P.
Pinus pumila has one of the most extensive ranges of all species, and has a habit (shrubby) and ecology that make it highly unlikely to go extinct in the foreseeable future. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Has a wide occurrence being recorded from N Mongolia; Russian Federation: E Siberia, Russian Far East (including islands); China: Inner Mongolia, Manchuria (scattered); North & South Korea; and Japan: Hokkaido, N Honshu.
Countries occurrence:
China (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol); Japan; Korea, Democratic People's Republic of; Korea, Republic of; Mongolia; Russian Federation (Amur, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Kuril Is., Magadan, Primoryi, Sakhalin, Yakutiya)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1
Upper elevation limit (metres):3200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population is thought to be stable.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This is a pine well adapted to the extreme climate which prevails above the line of forests of Pinus sylvestris in the southern part of its range, while it replaces Larix gmelinii or birch forests at high altitude in the northern regions. It can be found scattered in the understorey of these forests, too. Especially on exposed mountain slopes close to the summer snowline it forms extensive, dense thickets. In Japan the Dwarf Siberian Pine occurs from 1,400 m to 3,200 m a.s.l., but on the Kamchatka Peninsula it is found from sea level up to 1,200 m in favourable localities. Its seeds are distributed by birds in the family Corvidae.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No
Generation Length (years):30

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Dwarf Siberian Pine is of little economic value. Its wood is of small, contorted size and shape and only good for firewood in a region where there is plenty of this commodity of better quality. The seeds are edible, but difficult to harvest and mostly left to birds, rodents and bears. In horticulture it is rarely met with and mostly confined to botanic gardens and arboreta, although in Russia and northern Japan it is also planted in some parks, road reservations and other amenity spaces. It should be a good species for rock gardens in countries with cold winters

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No specific threats have been identified for this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is known from many protected areas throughout its extensive range; it also occurs in many remote, undisturbed areas.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus pumila. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42405A2977712. . Downloaded on 24 September 2017.
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