Pinus patula 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Pinaceae

Scientific Name: Pinus patula Schiede ex Schltdl. & Cham.
Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:
Common Name(s):
English Jelecote Pine, Mexican Weeping Pine, Spreading-leaved Pine, Weeping Pine
Spanish Ocote, Pino Triste
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-06-22
Assessor(s): Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Thomas, P. & Perez de la Rosa, J.

Pinus patula is widespread and abundant despite exploitation for its timber. Regeneration is quick and the trees are fast growing. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.

Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Endemic to the central and southern highlands of Mexico.
Countries occurrence:
Mexico (Chiapas, Hidalgo, México Distrito Federal, México State, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1500
Upper elevation limit (metres):3000
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Although there are localized declines, overall this species is still common and the population stable.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:Pinus patula occurs in the warm to temperate highlands of central and southern Mexico, at altitudes between 1,500 and 3,000 m a.s.l. and in areas with abundant precipitation ranging from 1,000-2,200 mm. According to altitude, the climate ranges from subtropical to temperate. Fog plays a significant part in the availability of moisture through much of the dry season. It occurs in a variety of forest types, with conifers or with angiosperms, especially in the Liquidambar forests on the eastern slopes facing the Caribbean Sea which receive most of the rain and fog. These forests are famous for their abundance of epiphytes, among which are ferns, bromeliads and orchids. Pinus patula is also associated with other pines, e.g. Pinus pseudostrobus, P. maximinoi, P. ayacahuite, and locally, P. greggii, in mixed pine or pine-oak forest; in a few places it is found associated with Abies religiosa.

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: This species is one of the most important pines for timber in Mexico, as it grows fast and produces a long, straight bole, for the most part free of branches. It is also widely introduced in other tropical countries in plantation forestry, where in some cases it has become problematic as an invasive species. In southern and eastern Africa it is planted commercially; other countries where it has been introduced for plantation forestry on a large scale are Colombia, Brazil and Argentina and to a more limited extent India, Nepal and New Zealand. Much work has been done by forest geneticists and tree growers in breeding programmes to improve seed provenances for timber growing in tropical countries. The wood is soft and light coloured and easily worked, but can be susceptible to blue stain without treatment. It finds applications in flooring and panelling, plywood and particleboard manufacture, veneers, crates and boxes, and of course for its softness, pulp for paper; it is therefore less suitable for high quality furniture and tools. In horticulture it has made some progress in recent years as it forms an attractive tree with its fine foliage and several provenances have proved to be quite hardy.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): There has been localized logging, but this is not a major threat to this species.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: The species is found in protected areas.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Pinus patula. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42389A2977049. . Downloaded on 20 October 2017.
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