Juniperus oxycedrus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Pinopsida Pinales Cupressaceae

Scientific Name: Juniperus oxycedrus L.
Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:
Regional Assessments:
Common Name(s):
English Prickly Juniper
French Genévrier cade, Genévrier epineux, Oxycèdre
Spanish Enebro de Bajas Rochas, Kade
Taxonomic Source(s): Farjon, A. 2010. A Handbook of the World's Conifers. Koninklijke Brill, Leiden.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2013
Date Assessed: 2011-07-22
Assessor(s): Farjon, A.
Reviewer(s): Adams, R & Thomas, P.
The species as a whole is assessed as Least Concern as it is so widespread and locally common in the Mediterranean area.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Recorded from the Mediterranean Region, around the Black Sea and Middle East: Albania, Algeria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Caucasus, Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Iran (Azerbajian), Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Syria, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine: Krym [Crimea].
Countries occurrence:
Albania; Algeria; Andorra; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Cyprus; France (Corsica); Georgia; Gibraltar; Greece (East Aegean Is., Kriti); Iran, Islamic Republic of; Iraq; Israel; Italy (Sardegna, Sicilia); Jordan; Lebanon; Libya; Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of; Malta; Monaco; Montenegro; Morocco; Palestinian Territory, Occupied; Portugal; Romania; Serbia; Spain (Baleares); Syrian Arab Republic; Tunisia; Turkey; Ukraine (Krym)
Additional data:
Lower elevation limit (metres):1
Upper elevation limit (metres):2200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:Very widespread and often common to abundant.
Current Population Trend:Stable
Additional data:
Continuing decline of mature individuals:No
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:A common shrub in Mediterranean sclerophyll scrubland (maquis, garrigue); also in dry woodland with Pinus spp., Carpinus betulus, Quercus ilex and other oaks, Quercus-Lentiscus scrub, as well as in montane and wetter forest with Cedrus libani, Pinus nigra, Juniperus foetidissima, and J. excelsa. The altitudinal range is 1-2,200 m a.s.l. It occurs on dry, stony slopes in thin soils over all kinds of rock from calcareous to siliceous and serpentine, but uncommonly on sand dunes; in pastures at higher altitudes it is usually a sign of overgrazing. It is largely restricted to regions with a Mediterranean climate, but in the Balkans and the Iberian Peninsula it may occur in more continental conditions. The subspecies badia and oxycedrus are tolerant of frost, unlike the subspecies macrocarpa and transtagana. The latter two are largely restricted to coastal dunes or old, vegetated beaches on sand, where they occur in open pine woods (Pinus halepensis, P. brutia, P. pinea) as well as in scrub (garrigue, maquis) or associated with coastal grasses.
Continuing decline in area, extent and/or quality of habitat:No
Generation Length (years):20

Use and Trade [top]

Use and Trade: Prickly Juniper is suitable for cultivation as an ornamental in southern Europe where a number of cultivars, especially with more pendulous foliage, are commonly planted in gardens and parks. Essential oils are extracted from the branches and leaves, especially in France and Turkey. This 'oil of cade' is used for medicinal purposes.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No overall threats have been identified for this species although coastal urban and tourist developments have had some impact on coastal subpopulations.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is present in many protected areas throughout its range.

Citation: Farjon, A. 2013. Juniperus oxycedrus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T42243A2965838. . Downloaded on 20 April 2018.
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