|Scientific Name:||Cupressus lusitanica|
|Infra-specific Taxa Assessed:|
Cupressus lindleyi Klotzsch ex Endl.
Hesperocyparis lusitanica (Mill.) Bartel
|Taxonomic Notes:||Two varieties are recognized for the IUCN Red List. The typical variety has a wide distribution from the Sierra Madre Occidental in Mexico south as far as Nicaragua. The second variety, var. benthamii, has a more limited distribution in southern Mexico. The epithet “lusitanica” [from Portugal] refers to the cultivated tree that provided the type specimen. This tree originated from Mexico.|
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Least Concern ver 3.1|
The great extent of occurrence of this species and its abundance in some forests places it well outside a category of threat.
|Range Description:||Mexico: from the Sierra Madre Occidental and S.M. Oriental down to Chiapas; highlands of Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua.|
Native:Belize; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico; Nicaragua
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Population:||This extremely widespread species is undoubtedly subject to logging and deforestation in several areas, but may also regenerate and invade secondary forest, so that it is unclear whether it is decreasing or increasing in total.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||Forming pure, dense stands or scattered in mixed montane conifer forest or pine forest, also in pine-oak forest and woodland, associated with Abies spp., Pinus ayacahuite, P. hartwegii, P. maximinoi, P. montezumae, P. patula, P. pseudostrobus, Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca, Juniperus spp., Quercus spp., Alnus spp., Clethra sp., Persea sp. and ericaceous and theaceous undershrubs; in disturbed (grazed) woodland with Arbutus sp., Baccharis sp., Buddleia sp., and Leucena sp. This species occurs on various usually nutrient-poor rocky soils over limestone or various igneous rocks; it is also spreading in scrub on rocky slopes or cliffs in canyons. The altitudinal range of this species is from ca. 1000 m to nearly 4000 m a.s.l.|
|Use and Trade:||Mexican Cypress is a valuable timber tree where it grows tall and straight, but not used extensively in its native range. It is planted as a 'village tree' throughout Mexico and Guatemala; it has also been introduced in many countries, especially in Andean South America and E Africa and to a limited extent in SE Asia, as a plantation forest tree. Still known in some quarters as the 'Cedar of Goa' its true provenance was long a mystery. The Portuguese had a colony of that name on the west coast of India and the species was first described from Portugal but later understood not to be native there. In horticulture several cultivars are known, while var. benthamii, with more flattened foliage sprays, is also being planted in countries with mild winters. The latter produces a narrowly conical habit in cultivation.|
|Major Threat(s):||This species is undoubtedly subjected to logging and deforestation in certain parts of its range; however, it may also be increasing elsewhere as it is capable of expanding in secondary forest.|
|Conservation Actions:||This widespread species is present in numerous protected areas.|
|Citation:||Farjon, A. 2013. Cupressus lusitanica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 22 September 2014.|