|Scientific Name:||Encephalartos caffer|
|Species Authority:||(Thunb.) Lehm.|
Encephalartos brachyphyllus Lehm. & De Vriese
Zamia cycadis L.f.
|Red List Category & Criteria:||Near Threatened ver 3.1|
|Reviewer/s:||Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.|
A widespread species that is difficult to assess due to its low growth form and it is easily missed in surveys. Based on repeat photographs, the species appears to have declined in some areas by about 20% in the past 60 years. So comes close to qualifying for a threatened status under criterion A2 or A4.
|Range Description:||This species is found mainly in the Eastern Cape province and in an isolated subpopulation in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa. In the Eastern Cape it has been recorded from Humansdorp in the south, then northwards to areas in the Albany district and continuing northwards to an area near Kentani, just across the Great Kei river. Still further to the north, it is found in the Oribi Gorge Nature Reserve in Kwa-Zulu Natal province. The species seems to consist of numerous isolated subpopulations in this area. Recorded from 300 to 700 m asl.|
Native:South Africa (Eastern Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal)
|Range Map:||Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.|
|Habitat and Ecology:||This species typically grows in grassland but can also occur in thicket when grasslands are not burnt frequently. It is often found growing among rocks.|
|Major Threat(s):||The habitat of E. caffer is somewhat threatened as a result of clearing for agricultural purposes. This species has also been affected due to over-collecting for ornamental purposes.|
|Conservation Actions:||This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices. E. caffer occurs in the Brooklands Cycad Reserve and in the Oribi Gorge Nature Reserve.|
|Citation:||Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos caffer. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 March 2014.|
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