Encephalartos msinganus 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Plantae Tracheophyta Cycadopsida Cycadales Zamiaceae

Scientific Name: Encephalartos msinganus Vorster
Common Name(s):
English Msinga Cycad

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Critically Endangered B1ab(iii,v)+2ab(iii,v); C1+2a(ii) ver 3.1
Year Published: 2010
Date Assessed: 2009-10-31
Assessor(s): Donaldson, J.S.
Reviewer(s): Agenbag, L. & Bösenberg, J.D.
Qualifies as Critically Endangered due to its very small extent of occurrence and area of occupancy (both well under 10 km²), occurrence in effectively one location, small population size (100-200 plants and possibly even fewer), and continuing decline.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:This species occurs in a small area in the Msinga district, in the drainage area of the Buffels River, which runs into the Tugela, east of Tugela Ferry, KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa. Occurs at an elevation of 900 to 1,200 m asl.
Countries occurrence:
South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal)
Additional data:
Estimated area of occupancy (AOO) - km2:0.5
Number of Locations:1
Lower elevation limit (metres):900
Upper elevation limit (metres):1200
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:The population size of E. msinganus was estimated as 100-200 mature individuals. Recent reports (Hurter 2008) suggest that only scattered individuals survive in nature.
Current Population Trend:Decreasing
Additional data:
Number of mature individuals:100-200
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:This species grows in short grassland on steep north-facing slopes, usually amongst boulders in scrub clumps. Plants are less commonly found on sandstone cliff faces, more or less in direct sunlight. Unconfirmed reports suggest that plants growing on different aspects had slight differences in leaf morphology.
Generation Length (years):70

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): E. msinganus is severely threatened due to poaching for ornamental purposes. Small cycad populations often experience reproductive failure and it is expected to occur in E. msinganus. Habitat destruction is also a general problem in the area.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: This species is listed on Appendix I of the CITES Appendices. It does not occur in any protected areas. There are numerous plants in cultivation so there is good potential for ex situ propagation.

Citation: Donaldson, J.S. 2010. Encephalartos msinganus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T41894A10572506. . Downloaded on 25 September 2018.
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