Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Mustelidae

Scientific Name: Martes melampus
Species Authority: (Wagner, 1840)
Common Name(s):
English Japanese Marten, Tsushima Island Marten
Taxonomic Notes: May be conspecific with americana, martes, and zibellina (Anderson 1970, Hagmeier 1961). Heptner et al. (1967) included Japanese and Korean melampus in zibellina (Wozencraft 2005)

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Abramov, A. & Wozencraft, C.
Reviewer(s): Duckworth, J.W. (Small Carnivore Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
This species is listed as Least Concern in light of its large populations size, occurrence in protected areas, and although it has a relatively small distribution its populations are not currently in decline.
Previously published Red List assessments:
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (LR/lc)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species is known from Japan, where it is found on Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Awaji, and introduced on Sado Island and Hokkaido (Abe, 2005), as well as Tsushima Island (S. Roy pers. comm.). Distribution in southern Korean Peninsula is reported but not confirmed (Abe, 2005). It is found from sea level to 2,000 m.
Countries occurrence:
Japan (Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku)
Upper elevation limit (metres): 2000
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: This species is common throughout its known range, and increasing on Tsushima Island.
Current Population Trend: Stable
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented: No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: This species is found in forests, and can occur in suburban areas with sufficient trees. It "plays a key role as a relatively long-distance seed disperser for major component species with large and flesh-rich fruits in the subalpine shrubland (Otani, 2002)." It forages on a wide variety of fruits (Otani, 2002).
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Habitat of this species in Tushima was deteriorated by timber cutting (Tatara, 1994).

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Commercial forestry should consider reducing habitat loss for this species (Tatara, 1994). Conservation of deciduous forest is especially important (Nakamura et al. 2001). It is present in protected areas.

Citation: Abramov, A. & Wozencraft, C. 2008. Martes melampus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T41650A10528815. . Downloaded on 09 October 2015.
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