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Talpa caucasica

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
ANIMALIA CHORDATA MAMMALIA EULIPOTYPHLA TALPIDAE

Scientific Name: Talpa caucasica
Species Authority: Satunin, 1908
Common Name(s):
English Caucasian Mole
Synonym(s):
Talpa coeca Satunin, 1908 subspecies caucasica
Talpa coeca Ognev, 1926 subspecies orientalis

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Least Concern ver 3.1
Year Published: 2008
Date Assessed: 2008-06-30
Assessor(s): Kryštufek, B. & Bukhnikashvili, A.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G. (Small Nonvolant Mammal Red List Authority) & Temple, H. (Global Mammal Assessment Team)
Justification:
A widespread and common species that is not believed to be declining. Least Concern.
History:
1996 Lower Risk/least concern (Baillie and Groombridge 1996)

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description: This species occurs in the northwest Caucasus (Russia, Georgia, northeastern Turkey (Kefelioglu and Gencoglu, 1996)), through to the Talysh Mountains (Iran) (Krystufek and Benda, 2002).
Countries:
Native:
Armenia (Armenia); Georgia; Iran, Islamic Republic of; Russian Federation; Turkey
Range Map: Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population: The species is common and locally abundant.
Population Trend: Unknown

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology: The species requires humid substrate, particularly in deciduous forests and wet meadows. Elevation from sea level to 2500 m, exceptionally. Has two types of passages: main, connected to nest cell and feeding passages (superficial and deep). In moist soils superficial passages are about 5 cm below ground, in dense and dry soils at 8-20 cm. Nests are under shelters, tree roots, big stones, mounds. Molehills differ in size and depend on type of soil. Feed mainly on earthworms, however, also consume catepillars and millepedes. Mating starts in February, females give birth from end of March till end of April. Reproduce once a year, litter size is about 3 young.
Systems: Terrestrial

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): No major threats.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Found in many protected areas.

Citation: Kryštufek, B. & Bukhnikashvili, A. 2008. Talpa caucasica. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 02 September 2014.
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