Nesophontes edithae 

Scope: Global
Language: English

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Taxonomy [top]

Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family
Animalia Chordata Mammalia Eulipotyphla Nesophontidae

Scientific Name: Nesophontes edithae Anthony, 1916
Common Name(s):
English Edith's Island-shrew, Edith's Nesophont, Puerto Rican Nesophontes
Taxonomic Notes: This species was previously removed from The IUCN Red List because it was considered to have become extinct before 1500 AD. However, it is now known to have survived into modern times.

Assessment Information [top]

Red List Category & Criteria: Extinct ver 3.1
Year Published: 2017
Date Assessed: 2017-08-24
Assessor(s): Turvey, S.T. & Helgen, K.
Reviewer(s): Amori, G.
Listed as Extinct, because this species is known to have survived across its range (based on radiocarbon dating) only until the time of European arrival (post 1500), but has not been recorded since.
Previously published Red List assessments:

Geographic Range [top]

Range Description:Prior to its extinction this species occurred on Puerto Rico (including Vieques Island) and the U.S. Virgin Islands (on the islands of St Johns and St Thomas).
Countries occurrence:
Regionally extinct:
Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico (main island)); Virgin Islands, U.S.
Additional data:
Range Map:Click here to open the map viewer and explore range.

Population [top]

Population:This species most likely became extinct sometime around the 16th century, it is known to have survived across its range (based on radiocarbon dating) until the time of European arrival (post 1500) (Turvey et al. 2007).

According to Wilson and Reeder (2005), this species may have died out much earlier than 1500 AD. McFarlane (1999) reported a date of 5410 +/- 80 yrs B.P.
Additional data:
Population severely fragmented:No

Habitat and Ecology [top]

Habitat and Ecology:It was a nocturnal and Insectivorous mammal. It was the largest species of Nesophontes because it evolved on an island where there where no large Solenodon competitors.

Threats [top]

Major Threat(s): Introduced rats are the most likely reason for the species' extinction.

Conservation Actions [top]

Conservation Actions: Conservation actions are not applicable to this species as it is now extinct.

Citation: Turvey, S.T. & Helgen, K. 2017. Nesophontes edithae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T41313A22281466. . Downloaded on 24 May 2018.
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